Friday, July 10, 2020

Get Free Toefl Writing Essay Samples For Free

Get Free Toefl Writing Essay Samples For FreeIf you are looking for free Toefl writing essay samples, you have come to the right place. There are a lot of resources on the internet that you can use to find samples and tips. Here is how you can easily find them for free:Email Listservs are great resources to post things that you want others to know about. Forums are filled with people who can help you with what you are looking for. Blogs offer a lot of free writing help. Make sure that you find some to help you improve your essay.Writing Forums are a great way to find online writing samples and tips for your own research. They also offer tons of information about free writing materials like textbooks, storybooks, eBooks, syllabi, etc. Don't forget to ask about creating your own online portfolio for future reference.Resource Guides is always there for you. They include sample files, articles, thesis statements, etc. There are a lot of free resources out there so you can easily find the m. Just make sure that you use the ones that you find online first.Writing reviews and testimonials are great ways to get free samples. Give them a try. The more positive comments you get, the more likely it is that you will get a chance to find the samples that you need. Do not just randomly give out freebies!Google, Bing, Yahoo and other search engines are good ways to get the free samples that you need. Just make sure that you use the ones that you find online first. This will save you lots of time and will ensure that you find samples that you can use. All of these resources are just a few of the free ways to find essay samples for free. There are many more that you can use to help you learn and grow as a writer.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Minds, Brains, and Science by John R. Searle - 1815 Words

Functionalism remains, to this day, one of the most influential theories of the mind. While many facets of functionalism has been tested throughout the century, one of the more interesting questions came in the form of computers. Similarly to a human brain, could computers also think? This idea was explored by John R. Searle, in his book titled, Minds, Brains, and Science. The author is a renowned American philosopher, particularly in the philosophy of language and mind, and is currently teaching at the University of California, in Berkeley (â€Å"John R. Searle,† 2014). Searle earned his Ph.D. in philosophy at Oxford, and has made several contributions to his field on topics, such as consciousness, artificial intelligence, and the problem of free will (â€Å"John R. Searle,† 2014). His â€Å"Chinese Room† experiment is known as one of the main critiques to the concept of artificial intelligence. In Searle’s book, Searle describes his thought process into this experiment during the second chapter, titled â€Å"Can Computers Think?† Searle’s purpose of this chapter in the book is to explain his perspective on the idea that digital computers will never develop the capability to form thought processes, and that a concept such as artificial intelligence could never exist, because our mental states exist in a biological manner. He utilizes his â€Å"Chinese Room† argument to aid in the development of his objectives. Before Searle goes into any detail about the purpose of this passage, he introduces theShow MoreRelatedConsciousness: Our Portal to Fulfillment 977 Words   |  4 PagesHuman culture expands rapidly and our concept of consciousness is rapidly evolving with it. Philosophers have filled the void concerning the true nature of consciousness not yet determined by science. Despite the subjective nature of consciousness, perceived by many to be a personal and private aspect of human existence, neurobiologists are investigating and measuring objective characteristics of introspective reasoning and associated elements of morality. Most agree that consciousness is keyRead MoreThe Theory Of The Mind And Matter1023 Words   |  5 PagesMind Matter Gilbert Ryle’s writing Descartes Myth provides a challenge to the â€Å"official theory† of the mind. The â€Å"official theory† of the mind is defined as the separation of the mind and body. Ryle describes the separation of the mind and body as the mind existing apart from the physical world and the body existing in the world. He writes that the two entities, the mind and body, combine to create a person. The â€Å"official theory† of the mind views the mind as private to the individual, meaningRead MorePsychology : Mind And Consciousness Essay1467 Words   |  6 Pages MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS Name: Institution: Mind and Consciousness Questions Consciousness is the state of being aware of one’s environment and one’s own sensations and thoughts or in a nutshell, the state of being awake and aware of one’s surroundings. The mind on the other hand is the element of a person that gives them the ability to be aware of the world and their experiences, to feel and even to think. Scholars seek to explain the connection of the two by pointing out that consciousnessRead MoreCan Computers Think? Essay1414 Words   |  6 Pages2004). But is it appropriate to say that a human can be replaced by a computer? I believe that not all humans will be replaced by a computer, but I do think that a computer will be able to do many of the same things that a human can already do. John R. Searle and Alan Turing are two philosophers that I will be relating to in order to examine the likelihood of a computer being able to â€Å"think† or not â€Å"think† and I will look into how a computer and a human have more in common than what â€Å"humans† actuallyRead MoreTuring, Searle, and Artificial Intelligence1260 Words   |  6 Pagescapable of passing the Turing test, is being insulted by a 10 year old boy, whose mother is questioning the appropriateness of punishing him for his behavior. We cannot answer the mothers question without speculating as to what A.M. Turing and John Searle, two 20th century philosophers whose views on artificial intelligence are starkly contrasting, would say about this predicament. Furthermore, we must provide fair and balanced consideration for both theorists’ viewpoints because, ultimately, neitherRead MorePhilosophical Analysis : The Consciousness Mind 1345 Words   |  6 Pagesof view goes on to say that phenomenon’s such as the conscious is just byproducts of material substances interacting with one another. Materialist’s views for a long time were hard to rebuke. However, in 1996 David Chalmers wrote The consciousness mind, which d oes rebuke materialism’s very view. In his piece, he has people imagine a world exactly like the one conscious human beings inhabit, however in this world there are zombies, precisely human like zombies, that replicates the same conscious humanRead More Brain versus Mind By Logic,A Historically Irresolvable Debate2380 Words   |  10 PagesBrain versus Mind By Logic,A Historically Irresolvable Debate As computer and neuroscience technology progresses, the perceived role of the human brain grows ever more complex and seemingly more determinant as to what makes a person, a self. Research and development projects in both the fields of neuroscience and artificial intelligence add fire to the Mind versus Brain debate. Are the biochemical mechanics of the brain sufficient explanation for human behavior, or is there a â€Å"mind†Read More The Morality and Utility of Artificial Intelligence Essay4241 Words   |  17 PagesThe Morality and Utility of Artificial Intelligence Douglas R. Hofstadter, in his work Gà ¶del, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, remarks that one may contend that Artificial Intelligence is born of a machine’s ability to perform any task that had been previously confined to the domain of humans (601). However, a few sentences later, the author explains Tessler’s â€Å"Theorem† of progress in AI: â€Å"once some mental function is programmed, people soon cease to consider it as an essential ingredientRead MoreEssay on The Mind/Body Problem, Seen Through a Crisis2040 Words   |  9 PagesThe Mind-Body Problem seen through a Crisis The issue of the origins of consciousness has been a problem that has philosophers and scientists alike, puzzled for years. Is it a matter of science? Can it be explained through neurobiological processes or is it just something that simply cannot be reduced to words? Rene Descartes had struggled with this issue centuries ago, trying to explain this problem through his idea of substance dualism. This idea states that the mind and body are of two separateRead MoreThe Question Of Human Existence1776 Words   |  8 Pagesabout whether or not the mind is separable from the body. Renà © Descartes, often referred to as the father of modern philosophy, first questioned this idea. The 17th century French philosopher stood out for being an intense rationalist. Rationalism is the belief in knowledge by thinking reasonably, rather than emotionally. In a time when many philosophers backed up their arguments with religion, Descartes trusted in nothing more than logic. Due to rapid new discover ies in science, that were proving many

Theory Of Directing Mind And Will Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Theory Of Directing Mind And Will. Answer: Some basic principles for identifying corporate liability in relation to both criminal and civil wrongs committed by servants and Agents of the organisation are derived from the identification doctrine. With respect to this theory the mind's individually and collectively of one or more persons who direct and control the organisation are with respect tolaw the mind of the organisation itself. The Doctrine is therefore known as the theory of directing mind and will. The doctrine was initially developed from the case of Lennard's Carrying Co Ltd v Asiatic Petroleum Co Ltd[1915] AC 705. The question in this case before the House of Lords was that whether a ship owner can be held liable for losses with respect to cargo because of one of its ships being negligently navigated. It was provided by the judges in this case that the actual fault is not only determined through the liability of agents and servants but also in relation to the liability of the organisation which can be held liable t hrough someone who's negligence can be identified as the action of the corporation itself. Following this case in the case of Daimler Co Ltd v Continental Tyre and Rubber Co(Great Britain) Ltd[1916] 2 AC 307. It was confirmed by the judge that the place of residence of the company can be held as one where directing mind and will of the organisation controlled and operated its officers. In the case of El Ajou v Dollar Land Holdings plc[1993] EWCA Civ 4 the doctrine of directing mind and will was completely reshaped by the court. In this case it was provided by the court that any person can be a directing mind and will of the company in relation to different purposes. Therefore the basic principle of this theory is that anyone who is controlling and managing the company is regarded as the person who is directing mind and will of the company. Lifting the corporate veil or piercing the corporate veil is the doctrine which is used to make the duties and rights of the corporation be held as the duties and rights of the shareholders. It is a fact that the Identity of a corporation is totally different from its members and it is a separate legal person in the eyes of law. Therefore the losses and liability which is faced by the Corporation is only limited to the corporation itself and does not extend to its members. The concept about corporate veil was discussed in the landmark case of Salomon vASalomon Co Ltd [1896] UKHL. In this case it was provided by the court that if a company has not been formed with a purpose which is fraudulent in nature the corporate veil should not be lifted by the court. If the company is formed by a proper process of registration it has to be regarded as a separate legal person. In case the very purpose of the formation of the company was fraudulent then the court can lift or pierce the corporate v eil to hold its member personally liable to the losses caused to the predators of the company. In most countries the corporate veil of is lifted or pierced very rarely. In the famous case of Adams v Cape Industries plc[1990] Ch 433 it was provided by the court that true will piercing by the court can only be initiated when a company is made for fraudulent purpose or where an existing obligation is attempted to be avoided by its members. In the case of Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd[2013] UKSC 34. There was significant debate in relation to lifting the corporate veil in the interest of Justice has supported by the judges in the case. Bibliography Adams v Cape Industries plc[1990] Ch 433 Daimler Co Ltd v Continental Tyre and Rubber Co(Great Britain) Ltd[1916] 2 AC 307 El Ajou v Dollar Land Holdings plc[1993] EWCA Civ 4 Lennard's Carrying Co Ltd v Asiatic Petroleum Co Ltd[1915] AC 705 Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd[2013] UKSC 34 Salomon vASalomon Co Ltd [1896] UKHL

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Tragedy in MacBeth Essay Example For Students

Tragedy in MacBeth Essay Everyone who is mortal has at least one flaw. Some are more serious than others. For example, some people have addictions to gambling, while other people cant rememberto put the milk away after they use it. After a while though, a persons flaws come back to haunt them. The tragedy MacBeth is no exception to this. In it, many of the characters die. And the reason is that they have a flaw, that would eventually lead to their downfall. Not every character is deserving of his fate though. Some characters have a minor flaw, which shouldnt lead to their death. But others have a major flaw, which is would eventually lead them to their death anyway. We will write a custom essay on Tragedy in MacBeth specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The first Thane of Cawdor, is killed by MacBeth for trying to lead a revolution against England. His fatal flaw was that he was according to Ross, a disloyal traitor. The thane of Cawdor was greedy, and wanted the throne of England for himself, and as a result was murdered. But his murder wasnt really disheartening, because the Thane ofCawdor, deserved his fate. He was leading a battle, in which many lost their lives, for thesake of greed, and deserved to die because of his flaw. Duncan was the King of England, and was murdered by MacBeth. He was murdered, because in order for MacBeth to fulfill his plan and become king, Duncan would have to die. Duncans fatal flaw was that he was too trusting. For example, he thought that none of his friends could really be enemies. If Duncan was more careful about his safety atMacBeths castle, he may have had a chance to survive. But Duncans flaw, wasnt something so horrible that he should die. Most people need to trust each other more, andjust because one person did, he shouldnt have to die. MacBeths former best friend, Banquo was also killed by MacBeth. Banquo was killed, because he knew too much about the murder of Duncan. But that was not his fatalflaw. Banquos fatal flaw was that although he knew that MacBeth killed Duncan, he really didnt do anything about it. There were many opportunities where Banquo could tellsomeone such as MacDuff what he thought about the murders. But Banquo didnt deserve death, just because he didnt act quickly in telling someone that MacBeth killed Duncan. Banquo knew that if he said anything, no one would believe him, and he would be executed. Lady MacBeth is MacBeths wife. She is his coconspirator in killing Duncan. Although she helps MacBeth get the courage to commit the murder, she isnt willing to do it herself. She uses the excuse that Duncan looked too much like her father. Unlike MacBeth though, it is harder for Lady MacBeth to live with the fact that she helped cause the murder of the king. And in the end, it makes her so crazy that she commits suicide. Whether or not Lady MacBeth deserved her fate is a tricky question. Although she did encourage MacBeth to murder Duncan, she feels regret for her action. Also, she realized what she did was wrong. But in my opinion, she realized it a little too late, and Duncan was still dead so she did deserve her fate. MacBeth was the focus of the entire play, and thats why it was named after him. All of the problems start when he murders Duncan. He commits the murder because of hisfatal flaw, he is too ambitious. If he wasnt so ambitious and determined to be king, then he would never have killed Duncan. And if MacBeth didnt kill Duncan none of the othercharacters would die. MacBeth deserved his fate more than any other characters in the play. He did many things wrong. First he killed Duncan, then he killed Banquo. After that,MacBeth killed MacDuffs family. And worst of all, MacBeth disturbed the balance of nature. Also, MacBeth didnt feel any remorse until he was faced with death. If MacBethjust waited for his time, he would have been king, and have had a chance to enjoy it. .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .postImageUrl , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:hover , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:visited , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:active { border:0!important; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:active , .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7a544c1b8f3afa2298564c351a51b14b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Persuasive: Overpopulation EssayEvery character that died in MacBeth had one fatal flaw. The first Thane of Cawdor was a traitor. Duncan was too trusting. Banquo didnt do

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Reform movements essays

Reform movements essays Reform movements in the early and mid nineteenth century were popular in the still infant nation of the United States. As the country became more stable politically, more concentration was placed on furthering the quality of life for all American citizens. As the reform movements became more popular, they also became more frequent, numerous and ranging in subject. Various issues, mainly slavery, religion, womens rights, immigration and temperance, controlled the social setting of 1825-1850. The invention of the cotton gin, and the beginning of the cotton movement in the South greatly increased the support and use of slavery in many states, which led to the reform movements started by those opposing slavery. Primarily due to the Second Great Awakening, many people led a powerful movement against slavery called the abolitionist movement. One of the most influential examples of the abolitionist movement is William Lloyd Garrison and his newspaper, The Liberator, which contributed tremendously to the spread of antislavery beliefs. Many slaves also turned to God to lead them in their crusade for freedom because they could no longer accept the notion of being a piece of property (Document C). Religious movements, led by the Second Great Awakening, caused the formation of many groups who believed that a strict interpretation of religion would bring the most beneficial changes to the nation. They believed that reform in the Church would bring changes in the congregation also (Document B). The obvious example is the American born Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Another example of religious pioneers who worked to promote democratic ideals were the Shakers, started by Mother Ann Lee. People found comfort in knowing that regardless of the background God would take care of them and that God decided and blessed the life of each and every person (Document E). Another controversial subject that arose during...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Ancient Indian Mathematics

There are opposing views prevalent regarding the prominence of mathematics in ancient India. One, there are those who make excessive claims for the antiquity of Indian mathematics with the motive of emphasizing the uniqueness of Indian mathematical achievements. Whereas, the other conflicting views denies the existence of any ‘real’ Indian mathematics before A. D. 500. This view is the result of deeply entrenched Euro centrism that does not negotiate with the idea of independent developments in early Indian mathematics. Whereas mathematics grew out of philosophy in ancient Greece, it was an outcome of linguistic developments in India. In fact the algebraic character of ancient Indian mathematics is but a byproduct of the well-established linguistic tradition of representing numbers by words. ? Around 800 B. C. Vedic mathematics declined and Jains School of mathematics gradually which was to do notable work in the field. ? From about 200 B. C. was period of instability and fragmentation due to foreign invasions but also of useful cross cultural contacts. Probably the only piece of existing mathematical evidence from this period is the Bakhshali manuscript. ? This period ranges from 3rd to 12th centuries and is referred to as the classical period of Indian civilization. Mathematical activities reached a climax with the appearance of the famous quartet: Brahmagupta, Mahvika and Bhaskracharya. Indian work on astronomy and mathematics spread westward, reaching the Islamic world where it was absorbed, refined and augmented before being transmitted to Europe. This last period described as the medieval period of Indian history, saw the migration of astronomy and mathematics from the north to south. Particularly in present day state of Kerala, this was a period marked by remarkable studies of infinite series and mathematical analysis that predated similar works in Europe by about three hundred years. Harappan society was a highly organized society. There is every possibility that the town dwellers were skilled in mensuration and practical ar ithmetic of a bid similar to what was practiced in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Archaeological findings from that period provide the following indications of the numerate culture of that society: ? It shows uniformity of weights over such a wide area and time which is quite unusual in the history of metrology. Taking 27. 584 grams as a standard, representing 1, the other weights form a series of 0. 05, 0. 1, 0. 2, 0. 5, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500. Such standardization and durability is a strong indication of a numerate culture with wellestablished, centralized system of weights and measures. Scales and instruments for measuring length have also been discovered with remarkably high accuracy. A notable feature of Harappan culture was its extensive use of kiln-fired bricks and the advanced level of its brick-making technology. These bricks are exceptionally well baked and of excellent quality and may still be used over and over again provided some care is taken in removing them in the first place. Fifteen different sizes of Harappan bricks have been identif ied with standard ratio of the three dimensions as 4:2:1. It was thought until recently that from them evolved first the Bakhshali Number system and then the Gwalior system which is recognizably close to our present day number system. In both Bakshati and Gwalior number systems, ten symbols were used to represent 1 to 9 and zero. With them it became possible to express any number, irrespective of its largeness, by a decimal place value system. Long lists of number- names for powers of 10 are found in various early sources. In the Ramayana, it is reported that Rama had an army of 1010 +1014 +1020 +1024 +1030 +1034 +1040 +1044 +1052 +1057 +1062 +5 men. The very existence of names for powers of ten up to sixty two indicates that the Vedic Indians were quite at home with very large numbers. This is to be compared with ancient Greeks, who had no words for numbers above the myriad (104). The Jains who came after the Vedic Indians were particularly fascinated by even larger numbers which were intimately tied up with their philosophy of time and space. For units of measuring time, the Jains suggested following relationship: 1 purvis = 756 * 1011 days 1 shirsa prahelika = (8,400,000)28 purvis The last number contains 194 digits! The word numeral system was the logical outcome of proceeding by the multiples of 10. Such a system presupposes a scientifically based vocabulary of number names in which the principles of addition, subtraction and multiplication are used. Â  Due to oral mode of preserving and disseminating knowledge, the wordnumeral system persisted in India. As a replacement to this, a new concrete system was devised to help versification and memory, known as bhutasamkhya, wherein numbers were indicated by well-known objects or ideas.